Dutch and Belgian scientists began the study to see if they could discover whether saturated fats, such as those found in meat and dairy products made cancer more likely, and healthier fats such as olive oil offered some protection.
The study, which has been published in the European Journal of Cancer involved the experts comping the eating habits of 200 bladder cancer victims with 386 volunteers who had not developed tumours.
The results showed that eating a small amount of cheese everyday had very little effect, but eating more than 53g per day raises the chance of developing bladder cancer by more than 50 per cent.
The researchers have stressed that the study was conducted on only a small number of people, and major investigations would need to be conducted to conclude that cheese is a major health threat. They have called for further investigations to back their findings.